Indigenous Women in Canada: The Voices of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Women


Winter / Spring 2008

Volume: 26

Number: 3, 4


Table of Contents

Kim Anderson, Patti Doyle-Bedwell, Elize Hartley, Beverley Jacobs, Carole Leclair, Tracey Lindberg, Sylvia Maracle, M. Céleste McKay and Patricia A. Monture 3

Indigenous Knowledges
Notokwe Opikiheet—“Old Lady Raised”: Aboriginal Women’s Reflections on Ethics and Methodologies in Health by Kim Anderson 6
Locating Ourselves in the Place of Creation: The Academy as Kisu’lt melkiko’tin by Emerance Baker 15
Sky Woman Lives On: Contemporary Examples of Mothering the Nation by Lina Sunseri 21
Anishnaabe-kwe, Traditional Knowledge and Water Protection by Deborah McGregor 26
Indigenous Worldviews: Cultural Expression on the World Wide Web by Jennifer Wemigwans 31
Nehiyaw iskwew kiskinowâtasinahikewina – paminisowin namôya tipeyimisowin: Learning Self Determination Through the Sacred by Wahpimaskwasis (Little White Bear), Janice Alison Makokis 39

Activism and Governance
An Interview with Katsi’tsakwas Ellen Gabriel, of the Kanien’kehá:ka Nation, Turtle Clan interviewed by Kim Anderson 52
Les femmes autochtones au Québec par Manon Lamontagne, Nathalie Moreau, Joanne Ottereyes et Évelyne Jean-Bouchard 59
Writing on the Wall: Métis Reflections on Gerald Vizenor’s Strategies of Survival by Carole Leclair 63
Simpering Outrage During an “Epidemic” of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome by Caroline L. Tait 69
“With the Appropriate Qualifications”: Aboriginal People and Employment Equity by Patti Doyle-Bedwell 77
Matrimonial Real Property Solutions by Elizabeth Bastien 90
Women and the Canadian Legal System: Examining Situations of Hyper-Responsability by caef / nwac 94
Stolen Sisters: A Human Rights Response to Discrimination and Violence Against Indigenous Women in Canada by Amnesty International 105
Sisters in Spirit Traveling Quilt by Native Women’s Association of Canada 122
Nunavut: Whose Homeland, Whose Voices? by Isabel Altamirano-Jiménez 128
Pauktuuit Inuit Women of Canada by Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada 135
Gender-Based Analysis and Differing Worldviews by Cynthia D. Stirbys 138
International Human Rights Standards and Instruments Relevant to Indigenous Women by M. Céleste McKay 147

Storytelling and the Arts
Women’s Words: Power, Identity, and Indigenous Sovereignty by Patricia A. Monture 154
Chocolate Woman Dreams the Milky Way by Monique Mojica 160
Chocolate Woman Visions an Organic Dramaturgy: Blocking-Notation for the Indigenous Soul by Jill Carter 169 Brown Girl Dancing by Kate Monture 177
Reincarnating Fatherhood in Aboriginal Fiction by Allyson Anderson 179

All My Relations
Role Models: An Anishnaabe-kwe Perspective by Renée E. Mzinegiizhigo-kew Bédard 190
N’tacinowin inna nah’: Our Coming In Stories by Alex Wilson 193
Carrying the Pipe: Maliseet Elder, Healer and Teacher Imelda Perley by Maura Hanharan 200
A Culture of Loss: The Mourning Period of Paper Indians by Apryl Gladue 204
For Kayla John by Robina Thomas 208
Reflections from Namekosipiiw Anishnaapekwe: My Trout Lake, Your Trout Lake by Kaaren Olsen 213
A Nice Story of Nokhom by Lana Whiskeyjack 215
Wiisaakodewikwe Anishinaabekew Diabaajimotaw Nipigon Zaaga’igan: Lake Nipigon Ojibway Métis Stories About Women by Patricia D. McGuire, Kishshebakabaykew 217
Response to Canada’s Apology to Residential School Survivors by Beverley Jacobs
Healing Is by T. S. La Pratt 13
News flash by Patricia A. Monture 20
Desert Woman by Janice Cameron 20
The Blue Ribbon by Janice Cameron 76
White man tell me by Patricia A. Monture 104
Newo-Haiku by T. S. La Pratt 145
On Writing #1 by Patricia A. Monture 187
Kohkum would be Mad at me by Patricia A. Monture 199
Niso-Haiku by T. S. La Pratt 207

Book Reviews
Paddling to Where I Stand: Agnes Alfred, Qwiqwasutinuxw Noblewoman reviewed by Tracey Lindberg 226
“Real” Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native Peoples and Indigenous Nationhood reviewed by Patricia A. Montre 227
Making Space for Aboriginal Feminism reviewed by Tracey Lindberg 229
In The Days of Our Grandmothers: A Reader in Aboriginal Women’s History in Canada reviewed by Priscilla Campeau 231
Inuit Women: Their Powerful Spirit in a Century of Change reviewed by Emma Posca 232
Exalted Subjects: Studies in the Making of Race and Nation in Canada reviewed by Tabassum Fahim Ruby 233
Troubling Women’s Studies: Pasts, Presents and Possibilities reviewed by Rachel Hurst 234
Removing Barriers: Women in Academic Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics reviewed by Brier km Ferguson 235
The Future of Women’s Rights: Global Visions and Strategies reviewed by Denise Handlarski 236
Jackfish, The Vanishing Village reviewed by Rebecca Rowan 237
The Book of Emma reviewed by Ramanjit Dhillon 238
Silent Girl reviewed by Rachel Laudiero 239


About the Artwork

Front Cover
Leah Dorion, “Invocation Medicine” acrylic and beads on canvas, 24″ x 30″, 2005. These women are praying to the sacred grandmother spirit. They call to her to help all women on this earth. As they call to the grandmother, she arrives to bless themw ith loving kindness and healing energy.

Back Cover
Leah Dorion, “Lady in the Sky Medicine” acrylic and beads on canvas, 20″ x 24″, 2005. This female spirit on Grandmother moon blows medicine from the palm of her hand and it transforms into four warrior turtles who are going to help humans living on Mother Earth re-learn the sacred balance between all the colours of man, the white, the red, the yellow, and the black. It is said that our world has been out of balance and harmony because the four colours of humanity have not been able to share their own special gifts with the world family and we are suffering because of this unbalance. (Leah Dorion’s artwork also appears on pgs. 5, 134, and 212.)

Leah Marie Dorion is a Métis artist raised in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. A teacher, painter, filmmaker, and published writer, Leah views her Métis heritage as providing her with a unique bridge for knowledge between all people. An instructor at the Gabriel Dumont Institute in Prince Albert, Leah has degrees in Native Studies and Education. She has numerous creative projects to her credit including academic papers for the Royal Commission of Aboriginal Peoples, a children’s book, gallery showings of her art works, and numerous video documentaries that showcase Métis culture and history. Her paintings honour the spiritual strength of Aboriginal women and the sacred feminine. Leah believes that women play a key role in passing on vital knowledge for all of humanity. She believes women are the first teachers to the next generation. More information about her artwork can be obtained from www.leahdorion.com.


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